Some legal advocates who focus on religious liberty issues had filed briefs opposing the "prostitution pledge" provision. They reasoned that its allowance would let the government unconstitutionally dictate the ideological views of any organization that receives government funding. These groups understandably feared strengthening the Obama administration's attacks on religious liberty, buttressing local governments' attacks on pregnancy centers through speech requirements, and squeezing out campus student groups that decline to conform to university dogma on social issues. The groups reasoned that even the tax exemption status of charitable groups, seen (oddly) as a form of government subsidy, could be jeopardized if groups opposed the social policies of the government.
Other religious liberty advocates, such as the American Center for Law and Justice, reasoned--rightly, in my view--that requiring grantees to supply proof of opposition to prostitution was an eminently reasonable requirement to further the goals of a government health program that hinges on stopping prostitution. The anti-prostitution requirement, in this view, does not restrict the free speech of anyone--it just keeps the government from paying for speech opposed to the goals of this particular program, which provides funding on a completely voluntary basis. Justices Scalia and Thomas agreed in their dissent:
In a comment relevant to the funneling of government funds to groups that support prostitution, abortion and other evils, the dissenting Justices noted,
But here a central part of the Government’s HIV/AIDS strategy is the suppression of prostitution, by which HIV is transmitted. It is entirely reasonable to admit to participation in the program only those who believe in that goal.
Whatever one might conclude regarding the theoretical impact of this case on religious liberty, what remains undeniable and real are the immediate harms, from a pro-life, anti-trafficking and anti-AIDS perspective, that result from this ruling:Money is fungible. The economic reality is that when NGOs can conduct their AIDS work on the Government’s dime, they can expend greater resources on policies that undercut the Leadership Act.
- more money to groups that see prostitution as legitimate "sex work" rather than as an evil to be eradicated--including pro-abortion and pornography (see CATW footnote below) groups;
- a blow to efforts to eradicate prostitution, along with prostitution's threat to public health and its degradation of and violence against women and children;
- the prospect of yet more forced and elective abortions, resulting from relying on condom distribution programs and unionization of prostituted women and children rather than rescuing them out of sex trafficking and other forms of prostitution.
Following are a few examples that illustrate the real-world implications of striking down the anti-prostitution requirement:
Coalition Against Trafficking of Women (CATW) - Supreme Court brief
E. Sections 7631(e) and (f) were enacted in the wake of specific abuses documented prior to the passage of the Leadership Act. The requirement of a “policy explicitly opposing prostitution and sex trafficking” was enacted, not in a vacuum, but in the wake of specific abuses by certain organizations that have used HIV/AIDSprevention funds to support their own efforts to promote legalization of prostitution and acceptance of prostitution as legitimate employment for poor women. The requirement in Section 7631(f) is justified as a way to ensure that HIV/AIDS-prevention funds are used to support programs that distribute condoms and provide health services, while seeking to eliminate prostitution rather than perpetuate it.
A vivid example of such an abuse is an organization in South Africa called SWEAT (Sex Workers Education and Advocacy Taskforce), in which the pro-prostitution “advocates” and the sex industry have been one and the same. SWEAT received funding to do HIV/AIDS-prevention work in AIDS-ravaged South Africa and used the funds not only to distribute condoms but to advocate decriminalization and legalization of the sex industry. 69 In 1995, SWEAT distributed a pamphlet whose goal was to “assist you in your career in the [sex] industry.”70 Funded with HIV/AIDS-prevention monies, SWEAT offered training in “sexual massage.”71
The Tab Bazar brothel in Bangladesh is another example of an organization that perhaps helped prostituted persons in some small measure, but in reality, perpetuated the sex slavery of vulnerable women and children.72 The brothel does in fact provide services for prostituted persons: condoms, HIV treatment, postnatal checkups, and gynecological care. 73 Yet the brothel, the largest in Bangladesh, locks women and their children inside, “constantly available for purchase but out of public view.”74
Against this backdrop, it is even clearer that the United States has compelling reasons to adopt a policy that requires organizations combating HIV/AIDS through work with prostituted persons, to oppose prostitution and sex trafficking . 75 Organizations advocating the legalization of prostitution are promoting the interests of the commercial sex industry and, in cases such as the ones cited above, are the sex industry.
The United States has an interest in ensuring that federal money is spent on organizations that, while addressing HIV/AIDS’s harm, will simultaneously attack the source of that harm, not defend it. In light of the extensive evidence of the devastation caused by prostitution and sex trafficking, this interest is truly a compelling one.
69 Farley, Prostitution Harms Women, supra note 27, at 1113.
72 Id. at 1114.
75 Indeed, in an action filed in the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, in which the plaintiff’s claims are similar to the ones at issue here, the plaintiff is DKT International. DKT International’s president is Phil Harvey, who runs a multi-million dollar pornography business. Complaint at 10-11, DKT Int’l, Inc. v. U.S. Agency for Int’l Dev. et al., 435 F. Supp 2d 5 (D.D.C. 2005) (No. 05-01604); U.S. Man’s Porn Sales Helping Fight AIDS Overseas, Associated Press, Oct. 10, 2005,
Pregnancy in Prostituted Children
Willis, B.M., Levy, B.S. Child Prostitution: Global Health Burden, Research Needs, and Interventions. Lancet 2002; 359: 1417-22.
The following consequences of pregnancy in prostituted children have been estimated to occur each year based upon 9 million prostituted girls:
• Maternal deaths - 4752
• Induced abortions - 1,224,000
• Abortion related complications - 367,200
• Abortion related deaths - 710
The Reality of Human Trafficking: One Woman’s Story
World Relief: http://worldrelief.org/page.aspx?pid=1812
I was transported to Florida, and one of the bosses told me I would be working in a brothel as a prostitute. I told him he was mistaken and that I was going to be working in a restaurant. He said I owed him a smuggling debt, and the sooner I paid it off the sooner I could leave. I was constantly guarded and abused. If any of the girls refused to be with a customer, we were beaten. If we adamantly refused, the bosses would show us a lesson by raping us brutally. We worked six days a week, 12 hours a day. Our bodies were sore and swollen. If anyone became pregnant we were forced to have abortions. The cost of the abortion was added to the smuggling debt. I was enslaved for several months; other women were enslaved for up to a year. Our enslavement finally ended when law enforcement raided he brothels and rescued us.”
Girl testifies she had abortion at 12
Published: Feb. 21, 2013 at 12:20 AM
LONDON, Feb. 21 (UPI) -- A witness testified Wednesday at the London trial of an alleged sex trafficking ring she was recruited at 11 and endured an abortion when she was 12.
Read more: http://www.upi.com/Top_News/World-News/2013/02/21/Girl-testifies-she-had-abortion-at-12/UPI-17491361424000/#ixzz2WrBmejsH
'Pattern Emerges' Of Abortionists Covering For Child Sex-Traffickers
3 more Planned Parenthood locations caught aiding 'child prostitution ring'
Published: 02/04/2011 at 9:55 PM
Three more undercover videos taken at separate Planned Parenthood clinics have been released by an organization called Live Action, which claims it’s finding “alarming patterns” of abortion providers willing to aid and abet underage sex-trafficking.
“Live Action has previously released more than a dozen hidden camera videos from ten states,” Live Action asserted in a statement. “This body of visual evidence shows several alarming patterns of illegal Planned Parenthood activities including cover-up of sexual abuse of minors, the skirting of parental consent laws, citing unscientific and fabricated medical information to manipulate women to have abortions, and Planned Parenthood’s willingness to accept donations earmarked to abort African-American babies.”
As WND reported earlier this week, the Live Action team, posing as the leaders of an underage prostitution ring in Richmond, Va., discovered a Planned Parenthood worker assuring them they’d find “no judgment, no sharing of information, like, uh, nothing here,” at the clinic and explaining how they could go about getting a “judicial bypass” of abortion laws for girls as young as 14 or 15.
Modern-day slaves, hostage to abortion
Set aside politics to help Catholic groups that fight human trafficking
New York Daily News
By Steve Wagner And Kim Daniels
Read more: http://www.nydailynews.com/opinion/modern-day-slaves-hostage-abortion-article-1.1100954#ixzz2WrHJFJvP
Some contend that Catholics are simply trying to impose their beliefs regarding abortion and contraception on others. Those who make this argument particularly ignore the context here: When abortion or contraception is provided to trafficking victims who remain under the control of those who exploit them, it’s the trafficker who benefits, continuing to exploit his victim without interruption.
In fact, with its edict, the government is imposing an ideological position without regard to the welfare of the victim. There is no possibility of a victim providing informed consent for abortion, sterilization or contraception, whatever the trafficker considers convenient; this is referred to as “modern-day slavery” for a reason.
Alveda King speaks on Human Trafficking
And in this sense, human trafficking does not stand alone as a separate issue. It’s part of a greater over-arching problem plaguing our world since the beginning of time – our selfish tendency to dehumanize those whose humanity is in the way of what we want.
Then there’s the case of Karnamaya Mongar. Mrs. Mongar was forced to leave her tiny Himilayan nation of Bhutan because of internal strife. Discrimination in her country had led to the loss of livelihood, loss of rights, and even loss of life. Tens of thousands, including Mrs. Mongar and her family, fled Bhutan and lived in refugee camps in nearby Nepal. Mrs. Mongar had been dehumanized by her government.
After spending 18 years in a hut in a refugee camp with no real home and no real hope, Mrs. Mongar was allowed to come to the United States with her family. It was here, though, that her lack of hope and trust caused her to seek out an abortionist when she became pregnant. Mrs. Mongar’s grown daughter had urged her to keep the child, but Mrs. Mongar didn’t share her daughter’s optimism.
Her desperation led her to Kermit Gosnell, a human trafficker if ever there was one.